The display "TOKYO STATION VISION" used the state-of-the-art 'projection mapping' technology to project moving images onto the red-brick building.
The theme of the 10-minute show is "A journey beyond space and time," including scenes of a belching steam locomotive, crowds of people and fireworks.
The red-brick building, designated in 2003 as an Important Cultural Property of Japan, was built in 1914, but partially damaged during air strikes in 1945.
Work to preserve what remains of its original structure began in 2007.
If you miss the light show, have a look at the following video.
The renovated building will open to the public from October.